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on2/12/2018

Photo: SKECHERS Beverlee Cactus Flower jJY1SsrBKa

Whether your priority is looking good in a bathing suit or living to see 100, there’s one piece of information that might stand in the way: body composition. Many people overlook this importantmetric, or themeasure of fat mass to Kendall amp; Kylie Enya StilettoHeeled Ankle Strap Sandal Womens oJtyxe
, including bone, muscle, ligaments, tendons and organs. Higher body fat percentage hasbeen linked to an increased incidence of diabetes, high blood pressure and other heart risks. And the overall amount isn’t the only concern; distribution of body fat matters, too. For some individuals, increased levels of CIRCUS BY SAM EDELMAN Esther High Heel CWXdc
have been tied to higher risks of heart disease and cancer compared to fat distributed across the rest of the body. So, how exactly do you track body fat?

A quick Google search will reveal dozens of methods to measure body composition, ranging from the quick and (relatively) painless to the incredibly detailed. These measurement techniques can help individuals determine how to set baseline values for body composition and future goals . However, with the variation in methods comes a fluctuation in accuracy. Whileone method might calculate your body fat percentageto within a few decimals, others leave a wider range of error. To help you navigate the numerous techniques, read on for the top five methods for measuring body fat percentage,along with the pros and cons of each.

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How to Measure Body Fat Percentage

It might not be St. Patrick’s Day, but get ready to be pinched! Perhaps the most accessible method for measuring body composition, technicians perform a skin fold assessment using either three, four or seven sites (meaning parts of the body). The technician doing the test first pinches the skin. Then, he or she uses the skin caliper device to measure the thickness of the skin fold for each site. Each protocol has specific sites for testing, commonly including the chest, arms, and thighs. After plugging the numbers into a formula, practitioners can estimate body fat percentage.

Since calipers are relatively inexpensive (about $10 per pair), the skin fold method is the most easily accessible of all the methods listed here. Most will have a pair handy. Andyou can expect more than a few trainers on staff to have adequate experience using them. Eager to keep close tabs on your progress? Consider investing in a pair of calipers for at-home testing. (Remember though, it does take considerable practice to be able to accurately self-administer the test.) Bonus: A proper skin fold assessment can be completed in just a matter of minutes, anytime or place.

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Clinical Investigation and Reports
Romualdo Belardinelli , Demetrios Georgiou , Giovanni Cianci , Augusto Purcaro
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Circulation. 1999; 99: 1173-1182
Romualdo Belardinelli
Demetrios Georgiou
Giovanni Cianci
Augusto Purcaro

Abstract

—It is still a matter of debate whether exercise training (ET) is a beneficial treatment in chronic heart failure (CHF).

—To determine whether long-term moderate ET improves functional capacity and quality of life in patients with CHF and whether these effects translate into a favorable outcome, 110 patients with stable CHF were initially recruited, and 99 (59±14 years of age; 88 men and 11 women) were randomized into 2 groups. One group (group T, n=50) underwent ET at 60% of peak V̇ o , initially 3 times a week for 8 weeks, then twice a week for 1 year. Another group (group NT, n=49) did not exercise. At baseline and at months 2 and 14, all patients underwent a cardiopulmonary exercise test, while 74 patients (37 in group T and 37 in group NT) with ischemic heart disease underwent myocardial scintigraphy. Quality of life was assessed by questionnaire. Ninety-four patients completed the protocol (48 in group T and 46 in group NT). Changes were observed only in patients in group T. Both peak V̇ o and thallium activity score improved at 2 months (18% and 24%, respectively; <0.001 for both) and did not change further after 1 year. Quality of life also improved and paralleled peak V̇ o . Exercise training was associated both with lower mortality (n=9 versus n=20 for those with training versus those without; relative risk (RR)=0.37; 95% CI, 0.17 to 0.84; =0.01) and hospital readmission for heart failure (5 versus 14; RR=0.29; 95% CI, 0.11 to 0.88; =0.02). Independent predictors of events were ventilatory threshold at baseline (β-coefficient=0.378) and posttraining thallium activity score (β-coefficient −0.165).

—Long-term moderate ET determines a sustained improvement in functional capacity and quality of life in patients with CHF. This benefit seems to translate into a favorable outcome.

Acommon finding in patients with chronic heart failure is exercise intolerance, which causes a progressive functional deterioration. 1 2 This vicious circle can be interrupted by discouraging a sedentary lifestyle and promoting physical activity. Controlled clinical studies have recently demonstrated that both in-hospital and home-based exercise training programs of various intensities induce favorable clinical effects by significantly increasing aerobic capacity, delaying the onset of anaerobic metabolism, reducing the sympathetic drive, and increasing the vagal tone. 3 4 Vionic Cooper Wedge Sandal rCcycs
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7 Because peak V̇ o 2 is a good predictor of prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure, the improvement in exercise tolerance after exercise training may be associated with a more favorable outcome. Moreover, it is unclear whether improvements in myocardial perfusion and left ventricular function, recently demonstrated in animals 8 and humans New BalanceMXVADOv1 gELVEA8e
with ischemic heart disease after a short-term moderate exercise training program, can affect the clinical outcome.

8—10 May, 2019 New York City

Join us for three days of insightful talks, stimulating workshops, and unexpected connections that will supercharge your creative work. Badges for the 2019 conference are available to 99U alums in August 2018, and to everyone in September 2018.

Get Actionable Insights From Industry Leaders

Learn from the world’s top thinkers and doers in a series of main stage talks over two days. 99U speakers offer pragmatic, real-world insights that transcend creative sectors.

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Hands-on workshops give you a chance to dive into new disciplines, trends, and technologies.

From our pre-conference kickoff to our killer closing party, 99U provides you with endless opportunities to network with fellow attendees and get exposed to new ideas.

Flex your party muscles early with a kickoff event packed to the gills with hands-on demos, games, and networking opportunities. Come to pick up your badge, stay to meet the rest of the 99U community.

No conference parties like 99U: we’ll wind down on Friday with a closing party at the Museum of Modern Art.

Leave with our much-coveted swag bag, packed with cool (and useful!) stuff. More incredible surprises await you throughout the conference - we put a ton of work into creating a beautiful experience for you.

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Alice Tully Hall / Lincoln Center

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The 99U Closing Party

MoMA

The official 99U Closing Party returns to MoMA, one of the world's premier art institutions.

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The Ace Hotel

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SECOND floor at the Eventi Hotel

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99U brings together 1,000 people across a variety of practices and professions. Who should attend? Anyone in a creative field working to: put an idea into action, get inspiration from creative leaders, connect with potential collaborators, manage an effective team, or understand the trends affecting the future of creativity.

An incredible group of visionary creatives, entrepreneurs, and researchers have joined us to pull back the curtain on their creative process and share road-tested insights.

If your course has Donald J PlinerRadly GqNQVHAEjs
enabled and you have access to a library whose content you want to use, you can reference that library to create randomized assignments for students.

To create a randomized assignment, you add one or more randomized content blocks to a course unit. For each randomized content block, specify a library from which to draw the content, and indicate the number and optionally the type of problem to randomly give each student.

The libraries that you create or have access to are listed on the Libraries tab on the Studio Home page. For details about content libraries, see Propet TravelLite Mary Jane Womens BQ7ssRH
.

Libraries

For details about using content library components in a course, see these topics.

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To create randomized assignments that make use of components from content libraries, you must have at least User level access to the libraries that you want to use. If you do not have access to a library, members of your course team who have Admin access to that library can grant you access.

Using components from content libraries in your course involves two steps.

Note

After adding a randomized content block to your course, be aware that if components in the source library change, you must manually update the components in the course outline if you want to keep the components synchronized with the version in the library.

For details about working with randomized content blocks in your course, see these topics.

Before you can add a randomized content blocks to your course, you must enable the content library tool in Studio.

To enable the content library tool in Studio, you add the "library_content" key to the Advanced Module List on the Advanced Settings page. For more information, see Altra Footwear Golden Spike zJYmkbwl
.

Advanced Module List Advanced Settings

After you enable content libraries you can add library content to your courses using the Randomized Content Block advanced component.

In Studio, open the course in which you want to add randomized problems from a content library.

Select Content , and then select Outline .

Content Outline

In the unit where you want to add a set of randomized problems, select Add New Component

Add New Component

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